乌拉圭的世界地质公园

格鲁塔-德尔-帕拉西奥世界地质公园

“A magical bridge between community and science”

Celebrating Earth Heritage

The geology substratum and morphogenesis processes during the last thousands of years under different climate conditions determined the underlying landscape of Grutas del Palacio UNESCO Global Geopark. A succession of more or less arid to humid periods remodeled the area. The relief is characterized by extent plains between small hills with low slopes. Some flat terrain produced more infiltration where chemical weathering and physical processes produce inselberg areas in granite lithologies and thick soils that support fertile prairies. Uruguay is a water-rich land and the UNESCO Global Geopark has important bodies of water that mark its limits.
In Grutas del Palacio UNESCO Global Geopark every eon is represented by different kinds of rocks and sediments. Proterozoic, Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic ages can be observed. The geology is characterized in two distinct sectors: central and southern proterozoic crystalline embasement composed by granites, gneisses and metamorphic belts with magmatic intrusions. It is mainly constituted of granites, granodiorites, quartzites, hornblendites and several gabbro dykes. In the northern portion a small and isolated area of Permian conglomerates and sandstones that belong to Parana Basin represent old alluvial fans environments. Mesozoic sedimentation of conglomerates and wackes deposited by Cretaceous fluvial environments and Cenozoic conglomerate and sandstone interbedding with non-depositional sediments like palaeosoils are exposed. Some Holocene terrace deposits and fluvial erosion processes generated during last four decades are exposed in a coastline lake. This geodiversity in a small territory allows visitors to experience a wide vision of the evolution of the history of Earth.

Sustaining local Communities

The Grutas del Palacio UNESCO Global Geopark is strongly connected with primary and secondary schools in Flores department. Several geoeducation and environmental projects have been carried out both in the classroom and the field. A special publication for students was prepared in 2013. There is a very active local Fair of Science Clubs. Every year some projects are selected related to the UNESCO Global Geopark for the National Fair of Science Clubs. Other education programs are carried out for geology students at the University. Mainly these curricular activities focus on geological mapping, geosites characterization and inventory conferences. Talks are underway with other UNESCO Global Geoparks to promote the relationship between students of Flores department with Spain, Portugal and China. Grutas del Palacio UNESCO Global Geopark is the way to promote local development based on geological and historical heritage and the most relevant instruments are geo-tourism, geoeducation, sports and culture.

地质公园基本信息

所属国家:
乌拉圭
英文名称:
GRUTAS DEL PALACIO UNESCO Global Geopark
公园面积:
3611KM2
公园经度:
W057°08'44''
公园纬度:
S33°16'44''
所属网络:
Others
申请日期:
2012
批准日期:
2013
复检信息:
公园网址:
http://www.geoparque.uy/

本地质公园的联系人

Diego Irazábal

电子邮件:
diegoirazabal(at)gmail.com
职务职称: